What you need to know before adopting a Bichon Frize

The origins of the Bichon Frize

Contrary to what many people think, the Bichon Frize is considered an ancient breed. The first evocations date back to the XIVe century. Like many others, the Bichon Frize was born from the crossing of two breeds: the Barbet and Maltese bichon. Its small size and character quickly made it a favorite of the royal courts as soon as it arrived in France in the 16th century.e century. If the breed almost disappeared after the Second World War, many breedings have emerged in Belgium and have saved the species.

Bichon Frize physique

  • size: between 25 and 34 cm (male) or between 22 and 30 cm (female);
  • weight: between 3 and 4 kg, regardless of sex;
  • hair: supple, long, very fine and curly;
  • hair color: pure white;
  • shape of the head: flat skull, long muzzle and little marked stop;
  • eye shape and color: rounded eyes with dark, black-rimmed irises;
  • shape of the ears: drooping and fine;
  • other features: hypoallergenic hair making it adoptable even by people with allergies.

Bichon Frize character

Despite a wise appearance, the Bichon Frize is a small ball of energy. Very playful and sociable, he appreciates the company of his masters and does not tolerate loneliness well, unless he has been used to it. His playful and curious character makes him get along well with strangers, but also other animals and children. It is therefore ideal for families or people who already own animals. The Bichon Frise will be all the more happy in its new family if the house has a garden. Living in an apartment may suit him, provided you take him out several times a day. But be careful, because it is difficult to educate.

The health of the Bichon Frize

With an average life expectancy of 13 years, the Bichon Frize is a robust dog that fears neither high heat nor cold. However, it can more easily be affected by certain diseases. This is the case of cataracts, easily identifiable because of the white reflections, as shown in the study Cataracts in the bichon frize (2003), corneal dystrophy and patella luxation. The Bichon Frize is also often affected by oral problems (loss of teeth, gum infection, etc.); they are characterized by redness, difficulty eating or bad breath.

A 2021 thesis published by a student from the National Veterinary School of Toulouse highlighted the fact that small-breed dogs like the Bichon Frize were more susceptible to dental problems, especially with age.

Bichon Frize price

To purchase, a Bichon Frize can cost between 700 and 1000 euros depending on the breeder and the line of the animal. As for its annual maintenance, a budget of around 700 euros is required.

Find online our previous sheets on the different breeds of dogs, such as the Shiba Inu or the Shetland Shepherd.

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