What to do with an aggressive dog?

Every year, medical files are opened following injuries caused by dogs. But what attitude to adopt in front of an aggressive dog?

Whether it’s a walk in nature, an outing in town or any other context, coming face to face with a dog with an aggressive posture is, with good reason, a source of anxiety. There are many causes of dog aggression. It can be caused by the territorial instinct, the maternal instinct of a female dog wanting to protect her young, fear, guarding an object or… However, the aggression itself is often the result of a failure in the education of the dog. Either way, there are some recognizable signs that demonstrate the animal’s hostility. A dominant dog ready to attack will thus have a straight posture, the hair and ears dressed, the gaze fixed on its target. On the contrary, a stressed or anxious dog will be prostrate, ears and tail lowered.

Aggressive dog: the attitude to adopt

First of all, do not go in front of unknown dogs. Most attacks punctually when dealing with a soft and malleable dog. In addition, you should not provoke the dog by adopting an aggressive posture yourself or by trying to corner him when he has a defiant attitude. It is strongly advised not to look the dog in the eye, because the animal would take it for provocation. It is advisable to keep a calm attitude, the arms along the body, not to shout or to make sudden gestures. Nor should you turn your back on him, but move away slowly, ignoring his hostile behavior, without ostensibly fleeing, as this would exacerbate his hunting instinct. Self-control is therefore essential.

Defending against a dog attack

Before going on the attack, the dog will always show signs of hostility by growling or baring its fangs. This is the intimidation phase, which precedes the aggression phase. If aggression is inevitable and there is a confrontation, you must protect yourself with an object (umbrella, bag, stick, etc.). To defend yourself against a dog’s attack, it is good to know its sensitive parts: the muzzle, the eyes and the back of the neck. In the event of a fall, it is recommended to curl up and protect the most vulnerable parts of the body (face and neck). In addition, it is essential to warn children, who accompany dogs like living stuffed animals. The dog also has its own codes: hearing a child howl or seeing it approaching on all fours can destabilize it and trigger an aggressive attitude.

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