Like millions of French people, you have chosen to adopt a dog. It is an excellent idea ! Whether you have chosen a puppy or an adult dog, your faithful companion will fill you with joy. Affectionate and playful, the dog makes families happy as well as people who live alone. Know that for your dog to feel good, you have to meet his needs. It is even an obligation. But what does your pet need to be happy? Answers.
Having a dog: think carefully before committing
Dogs have a life expectancy include between 10 and 18 years. That of small dogs is generally longer than that of large dogs. Also, before you commit, you must make sure you can support your pet. It is an obligation ! Moreover, it is not uncommon for associations that offer animals for adoption to request a tax notice from the adopters to ensure that they can manage the animal. According to the World Organization for Animal Health, persons presenting a pet should ensure that it is not hungry or thirsty, that it does not feel fear, physical or thermal stress, or of pain. Of course, veterinary expenses must also be met in the event of illness or injury.
A suitable accommodation
To accommodate a dog, it is obvious that you must have enough space. Contrary to what many people think, having a garden is not imperative. You can adopt a dog in an apartment. You will have to walk it regularly!
In your house, you must provide a space where your dog will be quiet. You can install his basket there. This must be adapted to the size of the animal. Install it not far from the heart of the house but in a space where your faithful companion can rest. Your dog must also have water available at all times. Renew the contents of the bowl several times a day so that it has fresh water. Finally, at home, some toys for your pet to take care of. It is also a good idea to provide him with a bone to chew on.
Every day, you must walk your dog so that he can relieve himself. If you have a garden, use 2 to 3 outings per day in addition to outdoor access. If you live in an apartment, use 4-5 rides. These should last long enough for your dog to relieve himself. At least 2 of these walks must last more than 15 minutes.
If you have a puppy, potty training may require more outings. You must make yourself available! As soon as he relieves himself, praise him. A puppy’s walks don’t have to be long. Indeed, the young animal still gets tired very quickly. Finally, know that during the day you should not leave your dog for more than 5 hours without going out. If you cannot free yourself, you must make arrangements and call on a trusted person or a dog sitter.
Sufficient physical activity and daily stimulation
Walking a dog to relieve itself is essential. In addition to relieving himself, your pet uses his senses and stretches his paws. However, these walks are not enough to meet the physical activity needs of the animal. Every week, you need to make sure your dog is exercising. To do this, take him for a run or play in a park. If your dog likes water, you can make him swim. Finally, if you have the opportunity, do not hesitate to do a canine activity like Agility.
In addition to making sure your dog gets enough exercise, you need to exercise his mind. To do this, nothing like the game or training exercises. This stimulation must be daily so that your dog does not get bored and that his well-being is optimized.
It goes without saying but we prefer to remember it: a dog needs contact with his master. It is thanks to these hugs that you and your dog will forge a strong bond. Thanks to these moments, he feels loved and protected. If you have more than one person in your household, then everyone can take the time to cuddle the family dog. Even though he is a canine and not a human, he is a member of your tribe. Know that hugs reassure the dog. It allows the animal to remain alone and to be less emotionally dependent.
As we have seen, having a dog takes you on. You are responsible for the damages he causes and whether they are material or bodily. You must also make sure that your animal lacks nothing. Among your obligations, there is the payment of veterinary expenses.
- Your dog must be identified. Previously, you will have the choice between the tattoo and the electronic chip. Today, the tattoo has almost disappeared.
- Your dog can be sterilized between 10 and 12 months. It is not an obligation but it is highly recommended.
- Your dog must be vaccinated. The injections start from the age of 8th week of life. Puppies are vaccinated against distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus and leptospirosis. The vaccination plan then continues throughout the life of the animal.
- Your dog should be dewormed every 3 months.
In addition to all this care, you should know that your dog will need to see a veterinarian if he is sick or injured. Remember, a happy dog is a healthy dog!
If your dog spends a lot of time alone, having a companion can be beneficial. It can be a dog or a cat. In both cases, know that the adaptation period is long and that you will not be able to leave them alone overnight. Animals need to get to know each other and together.
If you have questions about your dog’s well-being, know that your veterinarian can answer them. He will also be able to advise you on how to improve the daily life of your faithful companion.