“The use of military lexicon makes it possible to justify the diversion of certain legislative processes and tools”

Von Friday September 2, in a context of extreme tension with Russia, Emmanuel Macron convened a first so-called “energy defense” council allocated, according to the Elysée, to the “gas and electricity supply issues”. Like what had been done during the defense council during the crisis linked to Covid-19, then transformed for the occasion into a “health defense council”, the discussions held there took place behind closed doors, their relevant result meanwhile of the secret-defense.

The “National Defense and Security Council” was imagined by the 1958 Constitution, then framed by the Defense Code, to define the orientations and set the priorities “in terms of military programming, deterrence, conduct of external operations, planning of responses to major crises, economic and energy security intelligence, internal security programming contributing to national security and the fight against terrorism”.

Read also: Article reserved for our subscribers In Finland, the response of democracies is organized in the face of hybrid threats

Now designated to design solutions to a possible energy shortage, it is diverted from its primary purpose and goes beyond the limits set by the texts. Nevertheless, the use of a tool initially designed for a time of war (or at least for a time of strategic definition) is not surprising. It coincides, within the European Union (EU), with the discourses and lexicons borrowed from the military conflict used for several months to describe the economic consequences of the Russian-Ukrainian confrontation.

A concept of “hybrid warfare” already adopted in 2014

This recurring use itself seems to derive from the concept of “hybrid warfare” already adopted in 2014 by the NATO Secretary General at the time, Mr. Anders Rasmussen, to qualify the strategy involving Russian “excursions” in Ukraine. On tour of the African continent in July, the French president refuted the accusers of European sanctions as being the main cause of the world food crisis by declaring that “Food, like energy, have become Russian weapons of war”.

Read also: Article reserved for our subscribers For General Lecointre, “there is a continuous deterioration of the order of the world”

A few weeks earlier, it was Robert Habeck, German Minister of Economy and Climate, who qualified “weapon” the use of gas and oil as a Russian response to European economic measures. The formula is the same in the forums of the European institutions: on the occasion of the presentation of the European Commission’s plan “Saving energy for a safe winter” last July, its president, Ursula Von der Leyen, also castigated Moscow’s use of gas “like a weapon”.

You have 39.7% of this article left to read. The following is for subscribers only.

Leave a Comment