the end of a reign and the royal funeral in pictures

ELIZABETH 2. After 70 years of reign and eleven days of national mourning, Queen Elizabeth II was reported for the last time at Westminster and buried at Windsor Castle on September 19, 2022. A look back at the royal funeral.

[Mis à jour le 20 septembre 2022 à 8h55] Eleven days of ceremonies and tributes. This is what Queen Elizabeth II was entitled to upon her death and before being buried. The sovereign finally rests in the crypt of St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle, alongside her husband and parents. Buried on Monday September 19, 2022 after a final journey which took her from Westminster Abbey to Windsor, Elizabeth II left under the tender gaze of the United Kingdom, the entire Commonwealth and the 2,000 people invited to her state funeral. The organization of the funeral dictated by the London Bridge operation was monumental and royal with several processions including members of the royal family and several army corps including the Royal Navy. But it is the moved faces of the children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren of Queen Elizabeth that have marked the spirits. In the wake of Elizabeth II’s coffin walked her four children, including the new King Charles III, Princes William and Harry, but also the first two born to the Prince of Wales, George and Charlotte, aged 9 and 7 respectively.

Hundreds of people, heads of state, members of royalty or relatives of the royal family attended the funeral of Elizabeth II but beyond the walls of Westminster Abbey and then of St. George’s Chapel in Windsor c he whole of the United Kingdom followed the ceremonies from parks, cinemas or even theaters where the funeral was broadcast to say goodbye to the monarch. It is also a whole territory which religiously observed two minutes of silence and sang the hymn “God save the King” at the end of the funeral.

Elizabeth II, who according to the statements of the Dean of Westminster, the Reverend David Hoyle, had participated in the organization of her own funeral, offered herself a last trip in front of the British with a pedestrian procession of almost an hour between the abbey of Westminster and Wellington Arch, passing her home which she preferred to call “The Office”, Buckingham Palace. A ride along his family followed him and his subjects said goodbye to him one last time. Because if the whole life of Queen Elizabeth II was public until her funeral, her funeral took place in strict family intimacy.

The last tribute to Queen Elizabeth II

As the Queen was being laid to rest in the family and royal crypt in St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle, Buckingham Palace released a photo of the 70-year-long reigning monarch. The photo shows an Elizabeth II in her youth on the Scottish lands of Balmoral which she particularly appreciated. A quote from Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” accompanies the photo: “May flight of Angels sing thee to thy rest”. A sentence that King Charles III had already pronounced to pay tribute to his mother during his first speech as sovereign, on September 9, 2022. A few hours earlier the royal family had also broadcast a retrospective video of the life and reign of Her Majesty before following the funeral ceremonies hour by hour and sharing the latest images of Queen Elizabeth II.

Queen Elizabeth II was buried in Windsor, west London on Monday September 19, 2022 at around 8.30pm. The Queen was laid to rest in St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle, where her parents – King George VI and the Queen Mother – are buried and where the ashes of her sister, Princess Margaret, lie. His body remains in this royal residence. Prince Philip’s coffin, on the other hand, will be moved to this chapel to remain alongside Elizabeth II. This burial was not open to the public, it was a confidential event, where only the royal family could go.

The death of Queen Elizabeth II was announced at 7:30 p.m. on Thursday, September 8, 2022 and made official by Buckingham Palace a few minutes later in a press release. The state of health of Queen Elizabeth II was a subject of major concern since the publication of the press release from Buckingham Palace, this Thursday, September 8 at midday. Her Majesty’s doctors said they were “worried” about the sovereign’s state of health and recommended “that she be placed under medical supervision” at Balmoral Castle, Scotland, where she had been living since August 2022. Princes Charles, William and Harry, members of the royal family, made an emergency visit to Balmoral Castle.

A look back at the life of Elizabeth II

Elisabeth Alexandra Mary was born on April 21, 1926 in London and was not really destined to reign, her father being the king’s brother. In 1936, when she was 10 years old, her uncle Edward VIII abdicated, Elizabeth’s father acceded to the throne while young Elizabeth became the heiress presumptive to the British Crown. During the Second World War, she refused to be evacuated from London and joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service, where she became ambulance driver. On November 20, 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, Prince of Greece and Denmark, whom she had met a few years earlier. Their marriage gave birth to four children: Charles (1948), Prince of Wales and heir to the British throne, Anne (1950), Andrew (1960) and Edward (1964). From 1951, the princess frequently replaced her sick father during public ceremonies. He died suddenly on February 6, 1952 while Elizabeth and Prince Philippe were in Kenya on an official tour. Despite the symbolic political attributions she embodies, the Queen has been able to promote the unity and cohesion of her country and the Commonwealth. His reign was not without turmoil, particularly in the 1980s and 1990s, a period when the royal family was the favorite subject of the tabloid press. In 2015, Queen Elizabeth broke a longevity record and became the longest-reigning British sovereign. Elizabeth II, who died on September 8, 2022 at the age of 96, will have lived long enough to be a mother, grandmother and great-grandmother but also to see her husband Prince Philip dying on April 9, 2022, at almost 100 years.

Elisabeth Alexandra Mary was born on April 21, 1926. She was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Nicknamed “Lilibet” by her father as a child, she had a younger sister, Margaret, born a year after her. The two princesses are educated at home by a governess, Marion Crawford, who teaches them history, elocution, literature and music. The young Elizabeth developed during this period a passion for dogs and horses as well as an astonishing understanding of responsibilities.
At birth, Elizabeth is third in line to the British throne. His fate was changed in 1936 when his grandfather, King George V died and his uncle, Edward VIII, abdicated after a few months of reign. She becomes adapted, at the age of 10, heiress presumptive to the British throne. The education of the future sovereign took a new turn, she notably studied French and constitutional history. During the Second World War, his family stayed in London when the city was bombed. Elizabeth participates in the common effort and becomes an ambulance driver.

She married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark on November 20, 1947 at Westminster Abbey. She gave birth to her first child, Charles, in 1949, heir to the British throne, then to Princess Anne in 1950.

From 1951, the fragile health of her father King George VI forced Elizabeth to become more and more involved in public life. She frequently replaces him in England and abroad. In February 1952, while on an official tour abroad, Elizabeth learned of her father’s death from lung cancer. She becomes queen at the age of 26 and moved to Buckingham Palace, the official residence of British sovereigns, with his family. His coronation took place on June 2, 1953 at Westminster Abbey. At the same time, she becomes head of the Commonwealth and of 16 countries. The ceremony is televised for the first time in history.

During her reign, Elizabeth II witnessed the transformation of the British Empire into a Commonwealth. It is also witness to political, social and economic developments in the country. The Queen manages to maintain and smooth her image over time, despite the successive crises of the early 1990s. In recent years, Prince Charles has taken more and more part in the obligations normally incumbent on the monarch. In 2021, the transition accelerated due to the sovereign’s unstable health.

Although she celebrated her birthday twice a year (on April 21 and in June, to allow the military parade to take place in good weather), the weather seemed to have no hold on Queen Elizabeth II. The one who celebrated her 96 years old on April 21, 2022 awarded her Golden Jubilee (fiftieth anniversary of her reign) in 2002, and her Diamond Jubilee (60 years of reign) in 2012. Queen Elizabeth II’s Platinum Jubilee, marking her 70 years of reign, has as to him was described from June 2 to 5, 2022. Several events including the traditional parade of parade of color, a mass at Saint Paul’s Cathedral and a concert given at the palace, entitled “Platinum Party at the Palace” celebrated the event with great pomp. The Queen, due to health issues, will only have attended part of the celebrations. Grand festivities that have been compared to a “joyful goodbye” by several observers.

Elizabeth II will be the first sovereign of the United Kingdom to achieve such longevity – in Europe, it is Louis XIV, with his 72 years of reign, who is the sovereign to have reigned the longest. Result: Elizabeth II saw 15 British Prime Ministers (from Winston Churchill to Boris Johnson) and 10 French Presidents. Longevity is also a family story among the Windsors: the Queen Mother who died was 101 years old on April 1, 2002.

queen of england charles
Photograph of the Queen of England, Elizabeth II, with Charles and William, heirs to the throne © Stefan Wermuth/AP/SIPA (published 05/31/2022)

In order of Succession on the throne, it is the eldest son of the Queen, Charles, who became king after the death of his mother. Charles III was to be proclaimed king within 24 hours of Elizabeth II’s death at St James’s Palace Church in London. But he can only be crowned later, like his mother who had waited a year between her proclamation as queen and her coronation.

If Charles III in turn were to die, his son William, Duke of Cambridge, would ascend the throne. After the latter, it is Georges of Cambridge, eldest son of William and Catherine, known as Kate Middleton, who will accede to the throne. Next in line are his younger sister, Princess Charlotte of Cambridge and then his brother, Prince Louis of Cambridge.

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