increase in contractual terminations in 2021

The year 2021 marks a new record for conventional terminations. Some 454,000 of them were approved in the private sector in metropolitan France in 2021, revealed Tuesday August 2 the Direction of the animation of research, studies and statistics (Dares) of the ministry of work. This represents an increase of 6.1% compared to 2020, and more than 2.3% compared to 2019, before the health crisis due to Covid-19. The majority of sectors of activity and age groups are concerned.

Designed as a third way between resignation and being fired, this system, created in 2008, offers a private sector employee the opportunity to end their permanent contract, by mutual agreement with their employer. Contrary to the resignation, the conventional rupture opens the right to unemployment benefits, in addition to a severance pay at least equal to the legal severance pay. In constant increase since their creation, they had retracted in 2020, in particular due to the use of partial activity and economic uncertainties.

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Can this rise be related to the movement of “big spin” employees, who are retraining or changing employers since the Covid pandemic? If the increase in ruptures is not as spectacular as that of emissions (470,000 French people left their CDI in the first quarter of 2022, i.e. 20% more than at the end of 2019), it is a hypothesis plausible.

workers and employees

“The fact that it is concomitant with a very significant increase in emissions suggests that the increase in conventional terminations is largely linked to situations where it is the employee who wants to leaveobserves Bertrand Martinot, economist specializing in the labor market at the Institut Montaigne, who remains cautious. It’s a proven movement but it’s not massive, and it comes from the fact that the labor market is particularly dynamic. »

By their growing number, these signatories represent a significant part of entries to Pôle Emploi

In 2021, the jump can be seen in particular among workers (+ 7.6%) and employees (+ 7.7%), and in the construction (+ 16%) or transport and warehousing sectors ( +13.6%). Contractual terminations concern in particular employees whose seniority is low – their departure does not therefore represent a high compensation for the company. They are either young people with an average age of 30, or employees at the end of their career.

By their increasing number, these signatories represent a non-negligible part of entries to Pôle Emploi, but here too, the economic situation seems to be working in their favour. “Ruptures replace resignations because they allow you to receive unemployment insurance and have security, but the figures prove that people do not take refuge in inactivity or unemployment, they change a lot of activity or of employer”specifies Bertrand Martinot.

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